Politics is the thing that can see even the South and the North Pole coming together. Parties and politicians with different ideologies come together for ‘social welfare’, pardon me no pun intended! Well, without beating around the bush I would come straight to the point and the point is Janta Pariwar, a Pariwar of six political parties.
Six parties namely- Samajwadi Party (headed by Mulayam Singh in the state of Uttar Pradesh), Rashtriya Janta Dal (headed by Lalu Yadav in the state of Bihar), Indian National Lok Dal (headed by Om Prakash Chautala in the state of Harayana), Janta Dal United (headed by the current chief minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar) Janta Dal Seculr (HD devegowda in the state of Karnatka) and Samajwadi Janta Party (former Prime Minister ChandraShekhar) have merged though the formal announcement is awaited. These parties were the part of defunct Janta Party which was formed to defeat the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Parties in the Janta Pariwar:
Samajwadi Party: Samajwadi Party, the current ruling party of Uttar Pradesh seems to benefit from the merger. As all the parties aim to stand against the current central government, in other words Modi Skrkar. Moreover amongst all the parties in Janta Pariwar it is the only party with maximum number of seats in the Rajya Sabha where the BJP (Bhartiya Janta Party) is in dearth of numbers. With Janta Pariwar coming together, the party would get a stronghold over the BJP in the Rajya Sabha, which would help it in opposing certain legislations.
The party has remained unsuccessful in garnering seats in the Lok Sabha though it did well in the assembly elections in the state of Uttar Pradesh in 2012 assembly election. It has come to power in UP thrice and therefore the state remains the major focus point. Mulayam Singh Yadav, the senior leader of the party has been authorised to make a final announcement about the merger soon.
The merger seems to be a fair deal for the party as the first aim of the Janta Pariwar would be the Bihar assembly elections which are scheduled in end of this year and then the elections in its home state UP in 2017.
Rashtriya Janta Dal:
RJD, headed by Lalu Prasad Yadav is based in the state of Bihar with representation in both the houses of parliament. RJD ruled Bihar for 15 years therefore it is a major contestant in the upcoming elections of Bihar. It is majorly supported by Muslims and Yadavs which are active participants in the politic of Bihar.
The sentencing of Lalu Yadav in the fodder scam led to a negative impact on the party image which was also overshadowed by the backwardness of Bihar during the regime of RJD. RJD joining hands with JDU can be considered as a lethal combination of two opposite poles coming together. The outcome of its merger with the Janta Pariwar is still the most awaited show. The merger might uplift the party and gat it rid of the nightmares of the Lok Sabha elections.
Janta Dal (United):
Bihar’s current chief minister Nitish Kumar’s party has a fair amount of representation in the Rajya Sabha. The coming together of JD(U) and RJD has been a political game plan where both the parties having their substantial vote share that may perform well and give a tough fight to the BJP.
Its merger in Janta Pariwar would definitely hamper the BJP vote share as earlier it was a part of the NDA (National Democratic Alliance that headed India government from 1998-2004). But the merger would hamper the image of CM Nitish Kumar for sure.
The Janta Dal Secular led by the HD Deve Gowda is also a part of the Janata Pariwar. JDS is mainly based in Karnataka and Kerela. The southern states which are mostly devoid of the BJP being a key player, further its position might weaken in these states as the Janta Pariwaar would be recognised through JDS which has been in power in the state of Karnataka.
Indian National Lok Dal led by Om Prakash Chautala is a party based in the state of Haryana. It might gain advantage from the merger. Since it has not been performing well in the Lok Sabha elections from a very long time, its merger might help it in garnering some support. The basic vote share of INLD is of Jats, which are now not much in favour of the Modi government which has not taken a clear stand on the Jat reservation issue.
The merger of INLD may affect the BJP as once it was the part of the NDA government.
Samajwadi Janta Party:
Samajwadi Janta Party was found by one of the former Prime Minister of India, ChandraShekhar and he was the sole MP from the party. Currently the party has no recognition in the parliament. Therefore getting merged with the Janta Pariwar may prove helpful for the party anyways it is not a deal of loss for them.
The possible futures of the Janta Pariwar:
- BJP will have to face a major opposition this time in two major states Bihar and UP, which is already not an easy path for it. It is also a litmus test for the voters.
- The coming together of these parties to form an alliance against BJP will definitely give some colours to the Indian Politics as all the parties are from different states which have different socio economic backgrounds.
- It would also be interesting to see how long this merger survives and whether it is able to surpass the upheavals of the roller coaster political ride.
- The member parties of the Janta Pariwaar have received a lot of doubts from within the party over the merger. After all for how long can two opposite directions lead to a straight road without bumpy breakers?